евроазиатская  региональная ассоциация




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Дата конвертации03.11.2012
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first cranes collected, which were now breeding in the USA. Most of the birds bred from these 
eggs were released into the wild. 
Two adult Siberian White Cranes were received from Yakutia in 1982 and 1987. Both had 
the same injuries – partially shot-off wings. The birds were found in late autumn and sent to the 
Breeding Center. 
Three eggs, one Japanese Crane nestling and one White-naped Crane egg were taken from 
nests damaged by seasonal forest fires in the Khingan Nature Reserve. Three Sandhill Crane eggs 
were sent by the ICF from North America in 1983.  
Two Grey-crowned Cranes came to the Center ‘on their own’. One of them – an adult fe-
male crane – was caught near the enclosure of a widowed crane, which she had been visiting for a 
month. The other – a young female crane with multiple imperfectly-united wing fractures – came 
to the call of the Center’s cranes in autumn.  
Organizations which sent adult cranes include the Moscow Zoo, the Novosibirsk Zoo, the 
Rare Bird Species Reintroduction Station of the Khingan Nature Reserve, the Saratov Great Bus-
tard Breeding Center, the mini-zoos of the Novo-Lipetsk Metallurgical and Moscow Machine-
Tool Plants, the Cheboksari young naturalist station, the Central Forest Reserve, International 
Crane Foundation (USA), Vogelpark Walsrode (Germany), the Tallin Zoo (Estonia), Patuxent Re-
search Centre (USA) and zoos in Washington, New York and Miami (USA).  
Initially the number of adult cranes was limited by the number of enclosures. After the 1989 
construction of two roomy enclosure blocks near the bison breeding center, the number of cranes 
ranged from 60 to 80 birds. In 2003 10 pairs of Siberian White Cranes, 5 pairs of Japanese Cranes, 
3 pairs of White-naped Cranes, and single pairs of Grey-crowned, Sandhill and Demoiselle Cranes 
formed; that year all mature birds bred. 
In an attempt to increase the productivity of breeding cranes and augment dwindling wild 
populations, during its first years the Breeding Center adopted intensive methods of artificial 
breeding: stimulation of early breeding in Siberian White Cranes, artificial insemination, artificial 
incubation and different methods of breeding nestlings. However, it became apparent that the Cen-
ter did not have the facilities to support a large number of young birds. We could not breed 100 
cranes and ensure that even 10 survived in the wild. There is now a greater focus on natural breed-
ing methods, which produce offspring more capable of surviving in the wild. 
Siberian White Cranes have been reintroduced to West Siberia since 1991. Releases into the 
wild are still experimental as no records on the birds’ survival have been kept during this time – 
except for a year-old Siberian White Crane. This bird was bred for release and was kept in the 
Center late because of its youth. The marked bird left the enclosure in the late summer of 1996 
and was caught in Turkey the following May.  
The Center has bred nestlings for release since 1992. In the course of the project, 94 Sibe-
rian White Cranes and seven Grey-crowned Cranes have been bred for release into the wild. 33 of 
the Center’s fertilized Siberian White Crane eggs have been sent to West Siberia to be bred in 
wild Grey-crowned Crane nests. Since 1992 offspring of the Center’s Siberian White Cranes have 
annually been released in their native areas: at nesting sites (Kunovatsky Reserve, Jamalo-
Nenetsky Autonomous Region), in rest and feeding areas during the autumn migration (the Beloz-
erski Nature Reserve, Tyumen Region; the Astrakhan Nature Reserve) and in wintering areas 
(wetlands near Feredunkenar (Iran)); Keoladeo National Park (India). 
Together with the Moscow Zoo, the Breeding Center participated in the 2002-2003 Interna-
tional Program for Rehabilitation of the Rare Crane Species of the Far East.  Four Japanese and 
one White-naped crane were sent to the Khingan State Reserve and released in its territory. 
In the past 25 years, from 1,010 eggs produced by the Center’s captive cranes, 444 nestling 
have hatched out, 325 cranes of seven species have been bred and 113 cranes of four species have 
been released into the wild. In addition, 136 cranes were sent to 19 Russian zoos and breeding 
centers, and 90 cranes were sent to 11 foreign zoos and breeding centers. 
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