Доклад фао по рыбному хозяйству и аквакультуре №926   

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НазваниеДоклад фао по рыбному хозяйству и аквакультуре №926   
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1. Recreational fi sheries is one of the most important sub-sectors of the fi sheries sector in central Asia. 
Anecdotal evidence and some national review studies of fi sheries and aquaculture suggest that the 
volumes of fi sh caught by recreational fi shers may be larger than those caught by commercial inland 
fi sheries in the Central Asian region. In some cases it is estimated that the recreational fi sheries harvest 
is larger than the production from aquaculture. Unfortunately, offi cial statistical data and information 
on recreational fi sheries is not or hardly collected. It is, however, clear that the recreational fi sheries 
sector provides a valuable source of leisure and contributes to employment and income generation in 
the Central Asian region.
2. Moreover, many recreational fi shers (anglers) are well-organized in local or national associations 
and societies. In some of the Central Asian countries the number of associated recreational fi shers 
adds up to tens of thousands. The organizational structures in recreational fi sheries and their resource 
management activities (e.g. restocking of water bodies and spawning habitat creation) make recreational 
fi sheries associations good partners for national authorities responsible for fi sheries and aquaculture in 
the region. 
3. Collaboration between the associations and the national authorities may improve sustainability in the 
management of the fi sheries resources; this to the benefi t of the whole fi sheries sector. However, currently 
the limited information available on recreational fi sheries in Central Asia, the limited knowledge of 
modern recreational fi sheries management approaches and the few efforts made to share information 
and experiences make it diffi cult to develop and manage the sector. Besides, recreational fi sheries is 
generally ignored in policy and legislative framework developments in Central Asia, which causes 
confl icts with other sectors and other resource users. 
4. The Regional Workshop on “Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture in Central-Asia: Status and Development 
Prospects” held in Beymelek, Turkey, in December 2007, and in which many policy makers from the 
region participated, noted among the weaknesses of the fi shery sector that “Monitoring of recreational 
fi sheries and restocking practices is lacking”. The above urged FAO and partners to organize a Regional 
Workshop on Recreational Fisheries in Central Asia.
5. The Regional Workshop had the following objectives:
Share information, experiences and approaches on recreational fi sheries and its management;
•   Increase awareness on modern recreational fi sheries management approaches and the
functioning and operations of recreational fi sheries associations from Europe;
•   Increase awareness of the EIFAC Code of Practice for Recreational Fisheries and discuss
possible dissemination in the Central Asian region;
•   Discuss ways to reduce poaching through co-management of fi sheries resources by
fi sheries associations and national and local authorities;
6. The opening ceremony was led and facilitated by Mr Baialin Baitemirov, Director of the Department 
of Fisheries (DoF) of the Kyrgyz Republic. Mr Baitemirov welcomed the participants, thanked the co-
organizers and referred to the need to raise awareness on recreational fi sheries in the region. His short 
welcome address appears in Appendix C. Mikhail Nosovets, Deputy-President of the Union of Hunters 
and Fishermen Societies of the Kyrgyz Republic, then welcomed the participants on behalf of his Union. 
He expressed appreciation to the DoF for this joint event and looked forward to more constructive 
collaboration with the DoF in the future.

7. Mr. Raymon Van Anrooy, Regional Fishery and Aquaculture Offi cer for Central Asia of FAO, gave the 
opening remarks on behalf of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). He 
thanked the host, co-organizers of the Union of Hunters and Fishermen Societies of the Kyrgyz Republic, 
participants and staff of the DoF and the GCP/KYR/003/FIN project for making this workshop possible. 
He further noted that the workshop was called for in earlier regional and national events in Central Asia 
and expressed his hopes that it would be the start of regional collaboration in recreational fi sheries.
8. The recreational fi sheries experts from Tajikistan, led by the Chairman of TajikRiba, which is the 
Department of Fisheries of Tajikistan, continued the opening session by thanking the organizers for 
hosting this workshop. He referred to the importance of recreational fi sheries for food security, income 
generation and employment in rural areas of Tajikistan.  He added that the organization of this workshop 
was timely and that it covered issues that have not received proper attention from national authorities in 
the region in the last decade. Together with the representative of the Union of Hunters and Fishermen 
Societies of the Republic of Tajikistan he invited the participants to the Pamir mountains in Tajikistan 
for a follow-up workshop. 
9. The recreational fi sheries experts from Uzbekistan, which included the president of the Union of 
Hunters and Fishermen Societies of the Republic of Uzbekistan, welcomed the initiative of the organizers 
for this meeting which brought together governmental and non-governmental institutions active in 
recreational fi sheries. The experts listed a range of problems with which recreational fi sheries is being 
confronted, including legal, management and policy issues. The fact that the law on nature preservation 
of Uzbekistan forms the base for governmental policy in recreational fi sheries in Uzbekistan, means that 
focus is on conservation instead of sustainable development of the sector. Reference was made to the 
Regional Workshop on the 1995 FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries in the Central Asian 
Region: a Call to Action, held in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 8–10 April 2008. That workshop contributed 
to some change in the policy and legal framework development thinking in Uzbekistan, but on specifi c 
recreational fi sheries issues nothing has changed in favour of the sector since then.
10. The workshop was attended by recreational fi sheries experts and government offi cials from four 
countries (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan) and was supported by recreational 
fi sheries expertise from outside the region, namely from the United Kingdom, Finland and FAO.  The 
list of participants appears as Appendix B. 
11. The meeting was co-chaired by Mr Baialin Baitemirov, Director of the Department of Fisheries of 
Kyrgyzstan, and Ms Gulbara Tagaeva, National Project Manager of FAO Trust Fund Project “Support 
to  Fishery  and  Aquaculture  Management  in  the  Kyrgyz  Republic”  (Project  GCP/KYR/003/FIN).                  
The agenda as presented in Appendix A was accepted without amendments by the participants.
12. Mr van Anrooy, Fishery and Aquaculture Offi cer of the FAO Subregional Offi ce for Central Asia, 
then gave a presentation on the background of, justifi cation for and objectives of the workshop. He also 
presented some information about recreational fi sheries value and volume in Europe and referred to the 
work of various organizations and institutions on recreational fi sheries.  
13. The discussion which followed the presentation included a question on the fi gures  presented, 
and particularly the data from the European Anglers Alliance (2004) which estimated that 25 million 
recreational fi shers representing 6.5% of EU population spend an estimated 25 billion Euros per year. 
It was clarifi ed that the value fi gure represented the direct expenditures by recreational fi shers  on 
recreational fi shing, thus also included purchase of fi shing permits, access to fi shing sites, fi shing tackle 
and fi shing boats. 
14. The defi nition of recreational fi shing was also discussed as in the Central Asian countries various 
defi nitions are used at present. It was argued that the currently most widely accepted defi nition is the 
one presented in the glossary of the EIFAC Code of Practice for Recreational Fisheries (2008). That 
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