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31. Mikhail Nosovets, Deputy President of the Union of Hunters and Fishermen Societies of the Kyrgyz
Republic made a presentation on the status of game and recreational ﬁ sheries in the republic. He started
by listing the resources available and showing some beautiful pictures of recreational ﬁ sheries locations.
Mr Nosovets listed common carp,Prussian carp, scaled osman, roach, Amu-darya trout and Balkhash
perch as the main species caught and estimated the combined catch of 6 most common ﬁ sh species by
recreational ﬁ shers at around 4.4 thousand tonnes in 2008. Over 80% of the recreational ﬁ shers ﬁ shes
more frequently than once per month. He added that some 90% of the catch is consumed at home and
that some 10% of the catch is either given for free to relatives, sold or returned to water. He explained
that the role of the Union is to bring together recreational ﬁ shers, promote an outdoor activity, support
conservation and improve nature resources.
32. After having described the ﬁ shing activities Mr Nosovets provided information on the on-going
conﬂ icts with the DoF in Kyrgyzstan on the management of some reservoirs and on the revenues
obtained from the resources. He described his views on the legal- and policy framework in place for
recreational ﬁ sheries and how these should be further improved. He ﬁ nalized his presentation by noting
the importance of being able to discuss the opposing viewpoints and ﬁ nd a solution towards joint
management of the resources, to the beneﬁ t of the whole sector.
33. The complete status report of recreational ﬁ sheries in Kyrgyzstan, as presented to the workshop, can
be found in Appendix F.
34. The discussion which succeeded the presentation was diverse. It was argued that everyone agrees that
the so called “Chinese” gillnets are one of the main causes for reduced stocks because these imported
nets are very cheap and generally have mesh sizes that are so small that they do not allow the ﬁ sh to
reach even reproductive size. One Chinese gillnet of 100 meters length costs about the same in the local
market as just a few kilogrammes of ﬁ sh. The ﬁ shers therefore do not care much if a net gets lost and
as a consequence many nets are left in the lakes and reservoirs. They are considered lost, but in effect
remain ﬁ shing and damaging the stocks and biodiversity. Although recognizing the damage done by
the nets, hardly any efforts are made to remove these “lost” nets from the lakes and at the other end the
import of these nets cannot be stopped due to WTO regulations. A ban on using nets of mesh sizes that
are considered unsustainable might be an option, as net wholesalers and retailers are known, but apart
from that few ideas were raised on how to deal with this consistent problem.
35. The introduction of exotic ﬁ sh species in the past (under Soviet rule) was, with current knowledge,
judged as something which has harmed aquatic biodiversity tremendously. Following the June 1992
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio “Earth Summit”) and the
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) the introduction of exotic ﬁ sh species in many reservoirs
and lakes in Central Asia can, retrospectively, be regarded as bad resource management practice.
36. Nevertheless, it was considered as something of the past, which should not re-occur; but instead
that the countries should aim at rehabilitation of indigenous ﬁ sh stocks. Examples from Europe given
by the experts, added that similar introductions without knowing the implications for biodiversity in the
long term have also taken place in the European region. The ichthyologists among the participants then
discussed the scientiﬁ c names of various species; recognizing that inside and between the Central Asian
countries species have different common names for the same latin/scientiﬁ c name.
37. While the exact number of recreational ﬁ shers in Kyrgyzstan was not known, the Department of
Fisheries conﬁ rmed that the level of organization of recreational ﬁ shers was low. Only few recreational
ﬁ shers are registered as such, or are members of an association, while it is estimated that some 10
percent of the population is involved in recreational ﬁ shing from time to time. Particularly in rural areas
almost all men are active recreational ﬁ shers; in the season ﬁ shers are found everywhere. In general the
rural recreational ﬁ shers use the ﬁ sh caught for household consumption, or they sell the ﬁ sh cooked,
smoked or dried in the local markets. As such it can be concluded that recreational ﬁ shing provides an
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