Доклад фао по рыбному хозяйству и аквакультуре №926   




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5
Kyrgyzstan
31. Mikhail Nosovets, Deputy President of the Union of Hunters and Fishermen Societies of the Kyrgyz 
Republic made a presentation on the status of game and recreational fi sheries in the republic. He started 
by listing the resources available and showing some beautiful pictures of recreational fi sheries locations. 
Mr Nosovets listed common carp,Prussian carp, scaled osman, roach, Amu-darya trout and Balkhash 
perch as the main species caught and estimated the combined catch of 6 most common fi sh species by 
recreational fi shers at around 4.4 thousand tonnes  in 2008. Over 80% of the recreational fi shers fi shes 
more frequently than once per month. He added that some 90% of the catch is consumed at home and 
that some 10% of the catch is either given for free to relatives, sold or returned to water. He explained 
that the role of the Union is to bring together recreational fi shers, promote an outdoor activity, support 
conservation and improve nature resources. 
32. After having described the fi shing activities Mr Nosovets provided information on the on-going 
confl icts with the DoF in Kyrgyzstan on the management of some reservoirs and on the revenues 
obtained from the resources. He described his views on the legal- and policy framework in place for 
recreational fi sheries and how these should be further improved. He fi nalized his presentation by noting 
the importance of being able to discuss the opposing viewpoints and fi nd a solution towards joint 
management of the resources, to the benefi t of the whole sector.   
33. The complete status report of recreational fi sheries in Kyrgyzstan, as presented to the workshop, can 
be found in Appendix F. 
34. The discussion which succeeded the presentation was diverse. It was argued that everyone agrees that 
the so called “Chinese” gillnets are one of the main causes for reduced stocks because these imported 
nets are very cheap and generally have mesh sizes that are so small that they do not allow the fi sh to 
reach even reproductive size. One Chinese gillnet of 100 meters length costs about the same in the local 
market as just a few kilogrammes of fi sh. The fi shers therefore do not care much if a net gets lost and 
as a consequence many nets are left in the lakes and reservoirs. They are considered lost, but in effect 
remain fi shing and damaging the stocks and biodiversity. Although recognizing the damage done by 
the nets, hardly any efforts are made to remove these “lost” nets from the lakes and at the other end the 
import of these nets cannot be stopped due to WTO regulations. A ban on using nets of mesh sizes that 
are considered unsustainable might be an option, as net wholesalers and retailers are known, but apart 
from that few ideas were raised on how to deal with this consistent problem. 
35. The introduction of exotic fi sh species in the past (under Soviet rule) was, with current knowledge, 
judged as something which has harmed aquatic biodiversity tremendously. Following the June 1992 
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (the Rio “Earth Summit”) and the 
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) the introduction of exotic fi sh species in many reservoirs 
and lakes in Central Asia can, retrospectively, be regarded as bad resource management practice. 
36. Nevertheless, it was considered as something of the past, which should not re-occur; but instead 
that the countries should aim at rehabilitation of indigenous fi sh stocks. Examples from Europe given 
by the experts, added that similar introductions without knowing the implications for biodiversity in the 
long term have also taken place in the European region. The ichthyologists among the participants then 
discussed the scientifi c names of various species; recognizing that inside and between the Central Asian 
countries species have different common names for the same latin/scientifi c name.   
37. While the exact number of recreational fi shers in Kyrgyzstan was not known, the Department of 
Fisheries confi rmed that the level of organization of recreational fi shers was low. Only few recreational 
fi shers are registered as such, or are members of an association, while it is estimated that some 10 
percent of the population is involved in recreational fi shing from time to time. Particularly in rural areas 
almost all men are active recreational fi shers; in the season fi shers are found everywhere. In general the 
rural recreational fi shers use the fi sh caught for household consumption, or they sell the fi sh cooked, 
smoked or dried in the local markets. As such it can be concluded that recreational fi shing provides an 
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