Федеральное государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования




НазваниеФедеральное государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
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Дата конвертации19.01.2013
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Вариант 5

1. Fill the spaces with the correct form of the word+preposition. Choose from the list below:


deal, dispose, equivalent, give priority, have a look, invest, interfere, involved, have confidence, insure.


  1. Company turnover has been so good that we shall be able to … some new production equipment.

  2. We are one of the large number of firms which are … environmentally safe projects.

  3. This uncertainty about oil prices could … our plans for expansion.

  4. The accounts manager asked the auditors to … the annual figures first.

  5. Our marketing department is encouraging customers to … their old machines and buy replacements.

  6. If you are dealing with the French orders be sure to … the Duchamp order over all others.

  7. In many countries the price of a car is … ten years' wages for a worker.

  8. Most enterprises supplied by BEC … their product.

  9. Our company has been … the same bank for 30 years now.

  10. Our overseas customers usually … damage or loss at sea just to be safe.

2. Complete the following article by writing in the correct prepositions.


Most people pay their domestic bills (1) cash or (2) cheque. This is often unrealistic in business. But allowing customers to buy large amounts of stock (3) credit is not without its problems. It is extremely difficult to ask a valued customer for payment (4) advance because it may look as if you don't trust them. You can't really charge them interest (5) the outstanding sum either, even if they miss the agreed deadline for settlement, or they might get upset and withdraw their business altogether.

To make matters worse, many companies these days will deliberately sit (6) your invoice and wait to see how long it is before you actually put pressure (7) them to pay (8). Of course, you can ease both your cashflow situation and theirs by offering them the facility to pay (9) what they owe you (10) regular installments. But that doesn't mean to say they won't fall (11) with their repayments whenever they're short of cash. And you may end up writing (12) half the debt altogether.

Things would probably be a lot simpler if everyone paid (13) front for the goods they bought and in theory a customer should be able to pay straightaway (14) direct bank transfer. This, of course, would mean customers remained (15) constant credit with their suppliers, but it would also prevent them from playing the waiting game with their creditors and that would never do. Since most companies cannot pay you your money till they get theirs, they will continue to conserve cash until the very last minute.

3. Translate the underlined word partnerships with prepositions from the article above into Russian.

4. Find business idioms from the following presentation to complete the definitions:


  1. … … is when customers continue to buy a product because they have done so for some time.

  2. Instead of competing in a difficult foreign market, it is sometimes better to … … and cooperate with the local competitor.

  3. If you are making a loss in foreign market, it is often advisable to withdraw and … … … .

  4. If a particular campaign has not worked, it is best to … … and try a new approach.


As you are no doubt well aware, we are, at the moment, in the middle of the fiercest price war we've seen over eight years. We are under attack from all sides and in an increasingly hostile environment it's a cut-throat struggle just to survive. I am afraid we can only rely on a certain amount of brand loyalty from our consumers and I don't need to tell you that the "Buy British" campaign has not been entirely successful. We've lost a lot of round to the Swiss and the Germans and have been completely outmanoeuvred by our Korean competitors. Perhaps we should be thinking of actually joining forces with the Koreans. It's
a bit of a long shot, but it might just work.

Of course, with our stock value falling so sharply, we've been an easy target for the corporate raiders. But in a takeover battle it's always a question of who'll back down first and I can assure you that we'll not be giving in without
a fight. For the time being, at least, we should be able to fight off the threat of
a takeover.

Some of you have said that it's time to cut our losses, withdraw from markets overseas and reinforce our position in the UK instead. But I'm pretty sure that a defensive strategy like that won't work and that what we need is to take the offensive and fight back in the one market where we know we can beat the competition, namely, the United States. Our products enjoy high status in the US and, in my view, should be pushed further upmarket.

For only by taking on the competition on quality and image can we hope to win back market share.

In short, it's time to take action, ladies and gentlemen. And I propose that we re-group, change tactics and mobilize our sales forces in North and Central America. I also propose that we move towards an alliance with our main Korean competitor. And there's not a moment to lose. Otherwise, we might end up becoming yet another casualty of the recession. Any questions?

5. Read the presentation again and find all the war and conflict expressions. Translate them into Russian.

Вариант 6

1. Read the text and fill each gap with one word only.

IBM vs APPLE

IBM, known throughout the business world 1… "Big Blue"; is the giant of the computer industry. But its image is solid and respectable rather 2… innovative and exciting. 3… executives wear blue suits and white shirts. 4… dedicate themselves to customer service, conformity and profit. Nobody ever got fired 5… choosing IBM, they say.

When Apple started up 6… 1977, it 7… a company of counter-culture. Its executives dressed 8… T-shirts and jeans. Loud rock music played in its labs and offices. Apple aimed 9… shift the focus of computers away from institutions and onto individuals. For Apple, the personal computer was a set 10… "wings for the mind", for people to develop their ideas.

2. Complete the extract below by selecting from the lists of words:


technology, consumption, resources, hemisphere.

Reduce (1) of energy and natural (2) in the northern (3) by 75 %. This is not as difficult as it sounds. We already have the (4) to make things last twice as long with half the resources.

War, inequality, employment, security.

Provide secure (5) for the whole populace. A sustainable economy without job (6) would only lead to social (7) and civil (8).

Goods, quality, dynamics, nature.

Honour market principles. Since you cannot change the (9) of the market, you have to operate within it. Taxing morality by charging higher prices for environmentally-friendly (10) does not work. It is basic human (11) to shop around for the cheapest goods of comparable (12).

Earth, restoration, systems, programme.

Extensive (13) will be needed as it is simply too late to sustain what we have. As part of our overall economic (14) we shall need to redesign all industrial, residential and transport (15) so that everything we use comes from the (16) and returns to it.

Acts, circumstances, society, users.

Governments alone cannot create a sustainable (17). Everything largely depends on the daily (18) of billions of ordinary people. Humans are not naturally wasteful and predatory, but intelligent (19), who adapt to fit in with their (20). In a sustainable culture people would naturally conserve.

3. Complete the following sentences using the appropriate form of the second verb:


  1. We can't afford (take) any risks.

  2. We risk (lose) everything if we fail.

  3. Everything will be OK providing we manage (get) financial backing.

  4. We can't really avoid (involve) the shareholders.

  5. I'd recommend (concentrate) on cashflow to begin with.

  6. Would you mind (run) your eye over these figures.

  7. I strongly advise you (get) professional advice.

  8. Have you considered (draw) up a provisional business plan?

  9. Surely you don't expect us (pay) for this ourselves!

  10. I suggest we (meet) at 11.

4. Match the words with their definitions:


unemployment benefit, rip-off, mortgage, income tax, disability allowances, refund, tax rebate, bargain, interest, receipt.

  1. the amount of money that you pay to the government according to how much you earn;

  2. an amount of money that is paid back to you because you have paid too much;

  3. money paid by the government to sb who is unemployed;

  4. an amount of money that the government pays out to people with a handicap;

  5. something that is not worth what you pay for it;

  6. a thing bought for less than the usual price;

  7. a legal agreement by which a bank or similar organization lends you money to buy a house, etc., and you pay the money back over a particular number of years; the sum of money that you borrow;

  8. the extra money that you pay back when you borrow money or that you receive when you invest money;

  9. a sum of money that is paid back to you, especially because you paid too much or because you returned goods to a shop/store;

  10. a piece of paper that shows that goods or services have been paid for.

5. Make up ten sentences using the given words:


unemployment benefit, rip-off, mortgage, income tax, disability allowances, refund, tax rebate, bargain, interest, receipt.

Вопросы для самоконтроля


1. I and my family (рассказ о членах семьи, их возрасте и роде занятий)

2. My working day (рассказ о своем рабочем дне)

3. My day off (рассказ о том, как вы проводите свое свободное время)

4. My flat (устройство квартиры, описание мебели и бытовых приборов)

5. Hobbies (рассказ о том, какие бывают увлечения, чем увлекаетесь вы)

6. Travelling (виды путешествий, виды транспортных средств, наиболее запомнившееся путешествие)

7. Applying for a job

8. Work and jobs. Ways of working

9. Company presentation

10. Pricing.

Перечень экзаменационных тем


1. Applying for a job.

2. Work and jobs. Ways of working.

4. Company presentation.

5. Pricing.

6. Banks and business.

8. Company profile and structure.

9. Communicating across cultures.
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