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КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 1
I. Подчеркните модальные глаголы и переведите предложения.
II. Переведите с русского на английский.
III. Подчеркните Причастие I и переведите предложения; укажите функцию причастия.
1. I saw her smiling face in the window.
2. Walking home, he didn’t hurry.
IV. Переведите следующие словосочетания.
V . Выберите правильный ответ:
1. Last Summer I…Moscow.
a) visit b) visits c) visited d) to visit
2. When the telephone rang, Peter …apples.
a) peeled b) was peeling c) were peeling d) have peeled
3. 28. If I…money, I would buy a car.
am having b) will have c) had d) would
4. She wants …to the cinema.
a) to go b) go c) going d) gone
5. I suggest…to the theatre.
a) to go b) go c) going d) have gone
6. My parents enjoyed …
to sunbathe b) sunbathe c) to sunbathing d)sunbathing
7. When I came in I saw a …vase. I was shocked.
breaking b) broken c) break d) broke
8. Looking at the window, I noticed a …woman. It was strange, because the weather was awful.
walk b) walking c) walked d) have walked
9. It … sunny in New York tomorrow.
a) be b) will be c) is d) have been
10. Where is Alex? He …breakfast.
cook b) cooks c) is cooking d) have cooked
11. When my father came home, he understood, that he….his wallet in the shop.
a) had lost b) has lost c) lost d) was loosing
12. We….already … the lesson.
a) are finishing b) finish c) have finished d) finished
13. Don’t… mistakes. Follow my advice.
a) make b) to make c) making d) made
14. Let’s …a little bit.
a) thinking b) to think c) think d) thought
15. A book…to you yesterday.
is giving b) giving c) was given d) gave
VI. Выберите верный модальный глагол:
1. Olga…speak two languages fluently.
a) must b) may c) can d) might
2. You…point at people.
can not b) may not c) must not d) could not
3. You …kiss in public in Australia.
a) must b) should c) need d) can
4. My dear, you…be more attentive.
a) can b) may c) have to d) should
5. Men …take off their hats in a church.
a) may b)can c) must d) need
8. Прочитайте текст и переведите текст.
History Of Babylon
The empire of Hammurabi: 18th century BC
Babylon is just one among many small Mesopotamian kingdoms when Hammurabi becomes its ruler in about 1790. He defeats his rivals in the region, and establishes a society based on the rule of law (and famous also for the skill of its astronomers and mathematicians). By the end of his reign the whole of Mesopotamia is under central control for the first time since the empire of Sargon, 500 years earlier.
The society over which Hammurabi presides is vividly reflected in the famous code of laws which, towards the end of his life, the king orders to be inscribed on a stele, or upright stone pillar - the only way, at the time, of publishing them.
Troublesome neighbours to the north: 16th - 7th c. BC
Babylon is destroyed in about 1600 by invaders from the northwest, the Hittites, but it reestablishes itself a century later under the rule of intruders from the northeast. These are the Kassites, who have been gradually moving into Mesopotamia from the mountainous regions of Iran. They maintain a stable society for three centuries - from the 15th to the 12th.
Meanwhile a region to the north of Babylon has been growing in power. Its centre is Ashur, the capital city from which the Assyrians take their name. In the 7th century BC the Assyrians, under Sennacherib, overwhelm the Babylonians.
The revival of Babylon: from 625 BC
Sennacherib appals many in Mesopotamia by his brutal destruction, in 689, of the ancient city of Babylon. This act leads to prolonged unrest, occasional periods of outright rebellion and, eventually, to devastating revenge.
In 625 Nabopolassar, a Chaldean, establishes a new dynasty in Babylon (it is variously described by historians as Chaldean or Neo-Babylonian). Nabopolassar attacks Assyria, allying himself with the Medes - eastern neighbours of Assyria, and technically one of their vassal states. In 612 Nineveh is captured and destroyed after a three-month siege. This brings to an abrupt end the story of Assyria. It will be absorbed, eventually, in the Persian empire.
The dynasty of Nebuchadnezzar: 7th - 6th century BC
The Medes are content with the regions to the north and east, so this final Babylonian dynasty becomes the controlling power of the whole of Mesopotamia. Nabopolassar is succeeded by his son Nebuchadnezzar in 605.
Nebuchadnezzar, in a reign of more than forty years, gives Babylon its period of greatest fame. He is prominent in the Bible as the ruler who destroys Jerusalem and carries off the Jews into their Babylonian captivity. And he features in the list of the Seven Wonders of the World, as the creator of the hanging gardens of Babylon.
The successors of Nebuchadnezzar on the throne of Babylon are less effective. They have the misfortune to be close neighbours of the greatest empire-builder to have emerged by this stage in history.
Cyrus the Great rules in Persia from 550. He spends his early years campaigning northwest, deep into Turkey. Not until 540 does he turn his attention to Babylon; in October 539 his general enters the city unopposed. Many in Babylon (including the Jews in captivity) welcome the Persians as liberators, and Cyrus ensures that local religious customs are observed. But mighty Mesopotamia is now a Persian province.
The end of Babylon: 3rd century BC
Babylon's final claim to fame is an accidental one. Alexander the Great dies here, in 323 BC, after a banquet.
The city's end directly relates to the Greek conquest of this region. In 312 BC Seleucus founds a new Mesopotamian capital city, Seleucia, further to the north and on the Tigris rather than the Euphrates. Much of the building material is brought from Babylon, which becomes a forgotten city until excavated in the 20th century. But at all times there has been an important city in this region where the two great rivers come closest together. Seleucia is followed, in it turn, by Ctesiphon on the opposite bank of the Tigris. And from the early days of Islam this has been the site, a few miles further up the Tigris, of Baghdad.
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9. Контрольная работа № 2.
I. Choose either the Present Simple or Present Continuous in the following sentences.
A) Present Simple B) Present Continuous
II. Choose either the Future Simple or be going to in the following sentences.
A) will B) be going to
III. Find and correct mistakes in the spelling of the following present participles.
copiing, putting, translateing, telling, closing, sitting, seing, giving, meetting, being, forgeting, lieing, getting, filing, swimming, betting, quiting, spreadding, eatting, begining, paing, openning, cutting, forbiding, laying, splitting, winning, dying, stoping
IV. Open the brackets and put the verb into the Present Indefinite or the Present Continuous Tense.
1. Be quiet, please. We (work) at the translation and you (make) a lot of noise. 2. Where is Jack? — He (meet) his girlfriend at the station. She (come) at 12 o'clock. 3. Tom and Mary (leave) for the Netherlands tomorrow. 4. A decade (describe) a period of ten years. 5. Her brother (work) in Canada at present. 6. She always (dream) but (do) nothing to realize her dreams. 7. He (be) so suspicious to me at the moment. I wonder why. 8. Hurry up, Jane! We all (wait) for you. 9. Don't bother her. She (take) her French lesson: she always (take) it in the morning. 10. The living standards (change). Every month things (get) more expensive.
V. The Present Simple, Present Continuous or Present Perfect
1. As a rule, I (have) porridge for breakfast, but this morning I (order) an omelette. 2. This is the house where I (live). I (live) here since childhood. 3. Stop smoking! The room (be) full of smoke which (come) from your pipe. Usually nobody (smoke) here as Mother (not let) it. 4. I (write) letters home once a week, but I (not write) one this week, so my next letter must be rather long. 5. No wonder she (look) tired after the strain under which she (be) for a month. 6. Why you (not shave) this morning? — I (shave) every other day. 7. Research (show) that lots of people (absorb) new information more efficiently at some times of day than at others. A biological rhythm (affect) different people in different ways. 8. I just (look) at the barometer and (see) that it (fall) very quickly. 9. Don't shout so loudly. Father (not finish) work and he hates if anybody (make a noise) while he (work). 10. I regularly (see) him at the tram stop, but I (not see) him these two or three days.
VI. Open the brackets and put the verb into the correct tense, either the Past Indefinite or the Present Perfect.
1. You (find) the money which you (lose) yesterday? — Yes, I (find) it in the pocket of my coat when I (come) home. 2. The rain (stop) but a strong wind is still blowing. 3. You (see) Nick today? — Yes, but he already (leave). 4. She (meet) them in the Globus theatre last afternoon. 5. How long you (know) him? — We (meet) in 1996, but we (not see) each other since last autumn. 6. He (live) in St. Petersburg for two years and then (go) to Siberia. 7. When he (arrive)? — He (arrive) at 2 o'clock. 8. I can't go with you because I (not finish) my lessons yet. 9. He (leave) for Canada two years ago and I (not see) him since. 10. This is the fifth cup of coffee you (have) today! 11. It is the most beautiful place I ever (visit). 12. I (not see) Nick lately. Anything (happen) to him? — Yes, he (get) into an accident three weeks ago. Since that time he (be) in hospital. 13. The last post (come)? — Yes, it (come) half an hour ago. 14. When you (meet) him last? 15. You ever (be) to Japan? — Yes, I (be) there the year when there was an earthquake.
VII. Choose the correct variant.
4. ___ your tennis racket with you? — Yes, I am going to show you how much I___since last summer. I ___ tennis lessons now. Now it___for you to judge if I ___ any progress.
5. ___ lunch already? — No, not yet. The waitress _____my order fifteen minutes ago and ___ me anything yet.
VIII. Open the brackets and put the verbs into the Present Perfect Continuous Tense or the Present Perfect Tense.
1. I (try) to get into contact with them for a long time, but now I (give) it up as hopeless. 2. My shortsighted uncle (lose) his spectacles. We (look) for them everywhere but we can't find them. 3. She (be) of great help to us since she (live) for such a long time with us. 4. You ever (work) as interpreter? — Yes, that is what I (do) for the last five months. 5. They (make up) their quarrel? — I don't know. I only know that they (not be) on speaking terms since September. 6. Our pilot (ask) for permission to take off for ten minutes already, but he (get) no answer yet. 7. A skilful photographer (help) me with the development of summer films for two weeks, but we (develop) only half of them. 8. I (know) them since we met at Ann's party. 9. You (open) the door at last. I (ring) for an hour at least, it seems to me. 10. Look, the typist (talk) all the time, she already (miss) several words.
IX. Open the brackets and put the verbs into the proper tense, either the Present Continuous or the Present Perfect Continuous Tense.
1. Don't come in. He (take) an exam. He (take) his exam for half an hour already. 2. Where are the children? — They (play volleyball). They (play volleyball) since two o'clock. 3. I (learn) to type for a month and can say that my typing (improve). 4. Nick (come) round to see us tonight. 5. He (stay) at his sister's for six weeks. He (try) to find a flat to live in. 6. We can't dance as my father (work) in the study. He (prepare) a report. He (write) it for the whole day. 7. Do you see what the child (do) with your hat? Take it from him. 8. They still (discuss) the article? But they (do) it since twelve o'clock! 9. The prices (go up). They (rise) since 1991. 10. What a strong wind (blow)! It (blow) since yesterday.
X. Open the brackets and put the verbs into the proper tense (the Present Indefinite, the Present Continuous, the Present Perfect Continuous or the Present Perfect Tense).
I. It (snow) steadily the whole week and it still (snow). 2. We (climb) for six hours already, but we (not reach) the top of the mountain yet. 3. The pain already (go) but the child still (cry). 4. The workers (work) very hard these two weeks, they (be) busy with the interior decoration of the house. 5. He (solve) the crossword puzzle for an hour and he (say) he (be) about to solve it as he (think) over the last word. 6. He (work) at the language all the time and (make) great progress. His pronunciation (be) rather good, only a slight accent (remain). 7. He (finish) the first part of his book and now he (write) the second. He (work) at his book for two years. 8. Dustin Hoffman, who (play) the hero, (give) a fine performance. 9. Why your hair (be) wet? You (swim)? 10. Doctors and scientists (show) recently the benefit of fish in the diet.
XI. Open the brackets and use either the Future Indefinite or the Present Continuous Tense.
1. No, I (not eat) meat any more. I am a vegetarian. 2. What's wrong? — I've got a flat tyre. — No problem. I (help) you. 3. The forecast says it (rain). 4. You (air) the room? — Certainly. 5. Nick, my TV set is again out of order. — O.K. I (fix) it. 6. What you (do) this evening? 7. Lucy (not go) anywhere this summer. Her son (go) to college. 8. I (give) you another piece of cake? — No, thanks, that (do). 9. You (help) me with this bag? 10. I (send) the letter? 11. I am afraid, it (be) difficult for you to stay there so long. 12. Where we (meet)? Victoria Station (be) all right? 13. In the 21st century people (fly) to Mars and other planets. 14. I (go) to the country for the weekend. — I (go) with you. 15. You (turn down) the radio, please?
XII Translate the following text:
A royal residence existed at Greenwich as early as the reign of King Edward I, though by whom the Palace was erected is not known.
King Henry IV dates his will from his Manor of Greenwich, January 22nd, 1408; which appears to have been his favourite residence.
King Henry V granted the Manor to his kinsman, Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter. Later it passed to Duke Humphrey the Regent of England during the minority of King Henry VI. At Duke Humphrey's death, in 1447, the Manor reverted to the Crown.
Henry VI named the palace, from its agreeable situation, L' Pleazaunce or Placentia. King Edward IV enlarged and beautified the house and granted it to Elizabeth, his Queen.
At the commencement of his reign, the Manor of Greenwich came into the possession of King Henry VII. Henry, on some frivolous pretence, committed the then owner, Elizabeth, Queen of Edward IV, in close confinement to the nunnery of Bermondsey, where, some years after, she ended her life in poverty and solitude.
King Henry VIII was born at Greenwich on June 28th, 1491, and baptised in the parish church by the Bishop of Exeter, the Lord Privy Seal. This monarch exceeded all his predecessors in the grandeur of his buildings and rendered the Palace magnificent. Perhaps, from partiality for the place of his birth, Henry resided chiefly at Greenwich, neglecting the Palace of Eltham which had been the favourite residence of his ancestors. On June 3rd, 1509, Henry's marriage with Catherine of Aragon, was solemnised here at the Greyfriars' Church. On February 8th, 1516, Princess Mary, afterwards Queen Mary, was born here, and on September 7th, 1533, the Princess Elizabeth, afterwards Queen Elisabeth I, was born here. In 1536, on May Day, after a tournament, Anne Boleyn, the mother of the Princess Elizabeth, was arrested here by the King's order. Henry signed her death warrant at Greenwich and she was beheaded on the 19th of the same month at the Tower of London. Queen Elizabeth made several additions to the Palace, where she kept a regular Court. It became her principal residence and is said to have been where Sir Walter Ralegh famously threw his cloak over a puddle so the Queen would not get her feet wet.
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